SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
☒ ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020
☐ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from to .
Commission File Number: 0-22140
META FINANCIAL GROUP INC.®
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
|(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)||(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)|
5501 South Broadband Lane, Sioux Falls, South Dakota 57108
(Address of principal executive offices and Zip Code)
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
|Title of each class||Trading Symbol(s)||Name of each exchange on which registered|
|Common Stock, $.01 par value||CASH||The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC|
Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None.
Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is not required to file reports pursuant Section 13 and Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes ☐ No ☒1.
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒ No ☐.
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company See the definitions of "large accelerated filer." "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:
|Large Accelerated Filer||☒||Accelerated|
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management's assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report. ☒
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). ☐ Yes ☒ No
As of March 31, 2020, the aggregate market value of the voting stock held by non-affiliates of the Registrant, computed by reference to the average of the closing bid and asked prices of such stock on the NASDAQ Global Select Market as of such date, was $693.1 million.
As of November 23, 2020, there were 33,446,654 shares of the Registrant’s Common Stock outstanding.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
PART III of Form 10-K -- Portions of the Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held February 23, 2021 are incorporated by reference into Part III of this report.
META FINANCIAL GROUP, INC.
Table of Contents
Meta Financial Group, Inc.® ("Meta" or "the Company" or "us") and its wholly-owned subsidiary, MetaBank®, National Association ("MetaBank" or "the Bank") may from time to time make written or oral “forward-looking statements,” including statements contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, the Company’s other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC"), the Company’s reports to stockholders, and other communications by the Company and MetaBank, which are made in good faith by the Company pursuant to the “safe harbor” provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.
You can identify forward-looking statements by words such as “may,” “hope,” “will,” “should,” “expect,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “believe,” “estimate,” “predict,” “potential,” “continue,” “could,” “future,” or the negative of those terms, or other words of similar meaning or similar expressions. You should carefully read statements that contain these words because they discuss our future expectations or state other “forward-looking” information. These forward-looking statements are based on information currently available to us and assumptions about future events, and include statements with respect to the Company’s beliefs, expectations, estimates, and intentions, which are subject to significant risks and uncertainties, and are subject to change based on various factors, some of which are beyond the Company’s control. Such risks, uncertainties and other factors may cause our actual growth, results of operations, financial condition, cash flows, performance and business prospects and opportunities to differ materially from those expressed in, or implied by, these forward-looking statements. Such statements address, among others, the following subjects: future operating results; expectations in connection with the impact of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and related governmental actions on the Company and MetaBank; customer retention; loan and other product demand; expectations concerning acquisitions and divestitures; new products and services, including those offered by the Meta Payment Systems, Refund Advantage, EPS Financial and Specialty Consumer Services divisions; credit quality; the level of net charge-offs on loans and leases and the adequacy of the allowance for loan and lease losses; technology; and the Company's employees. The following factors, among others, could cause the Company's financial performance and results of operations to differ materially from the expectations, estimates, and intentions expressed in such forward-looking statements: maintaining our executive management team; expected growth opportunities may not be realized or may take longer to realize than expected; the potential adverse effects of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and any governmental or societal responses thereto, or other unusual and infrequently occurring events; actual changes in interest rates and the Fed Funds rate; additional changes in tax laws; the strength of the United States' economy, in general, and the strength of the local economies in which the Company operates; changes in, trade, monetary, and fiscal policies and laws, including interest rate policies of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the “Federal Reserve”); inflation, market, and monetary fluctuations; the timely and efficient development of, and acceptance of, new products and services offered by the Company or its strategic partners, as well as risks (including reputational and litigation) attendant thereto, and the perceived overall value of these products and services by users; the Bank's ability to maintain its Durbin Amendment exemption; the risks of dealing with or utilizing third parties, including, in connection with the Company’s refund advance business, the risk of reduced volume of refund advance loans as a result of reduced customer demand for or usage of Meta’s strategic partners’ refund advance products; our relationship with, and any actions which may be initiated by our regulators; the impact of changes in financial services laws and regulations, including, but not limited to, laws and regulations relating to the tax refund industry and the insurance premium finance industry and recent and potential changes in response to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic such as the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the "CARES Act") and the rules and regulations that may be promulgated thereunder; technological changes, including, but not limited to, the protection of our electronic systems and information; the impact of acquisitions and divestitures; litigation risk; the growth of the Company’s business, as well as expenses related thereto; continued maintenance by MetaBank of its status as a well-capitalized institution, particularly in light of our growing deposit base, a portion of which has been characterized as “brokered”; changes in consumer spending and saving habits; losses from fraudulent or illegal activity; technological risks and developments, and cyber threats, attacks or events; and the success of the Company at maintaining its high quality asset level and managing and collecting assets of borrowers in default should problem assets increase.
The foregoing list of factors is not exclusive. We caution you not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K speak only as of the date hereof, and the Company does not undertake any obligation to update, revise, or clarify these forward-looking statements whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us or any person acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained or referred to in this section. Additional discussions of factors affecting the Company’s business and prospects are contained herein, including under the caption “Risk Factors,” and in the Company’s periodic filings with the SEC. The Company expressly disclaims any intent or obligation to update any forward-looking statements, whether written or oral, that may be made from time to time by or on behalf of the Company or its subsidiaries, whether as a result of new information, changed circumstances, or future events or for any other reason.
Item 1. Business
Meta, a registered bank holding company, was incorporated in Delaware on June 14, 1993. Meta's principal assets are all the issued and outstanding shares of the Bank, a national bank, the accounts of which are insured up to applicable limits by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation ("FDIC") as administrator of the Deposit Insurance Fund (“DIF”). Unless the context otherwise requires, references herein to the Company include Meta and the Bank, and all subsidiaries of Meta, direct or indirect, on a consolidated basis.
The Bank, a wholly-owned full-service banking subsidiary of Meta, operates through three reportable segments (Consumer, Commercial, and Corporate Services/Other). The diagram below reflects the Company's divisions and how they fall within the Company's segment structure. The Company works with high-value niche industries, strategic-growth companies and technology adopters to grow their businesses and build more profitable customer relationships. The Company tailors solutions for bank and non-bank businesses, and provides a focused collaborative approach.
The business of the Bank primarily consists of attracting deposits and investing those funds in its loan and lease portfolios, along with providing prepaid cards and other financial products and solutions to business and consumer customers. In addition to originating loans and leases, the Bank also occasionally contracts to sell loans, such as tax refund advance loans, consumer credit product loans, and government guaranteed loans, to third party buyers. The Bank also sells and purchases loan participations from time to time to and from other financial institutions, as well as mortgage-backed securities ("MBS") and other investments permissible under applicable regulations.
On February 29, 2020 (the "Closing Date"), the Company sold the Bank's Community Bank division, a component of the Company's Corporate Services/Other segment, to Central Bank, a state-chartered bank headquartered in Storm Lake, Iowa. The sale included all of the Community Bank's deposits, branch locations, fixed assets and employees and a portion of the Community Bank’s loan portfolio. The Company entered a servicing agreement with Central Bank for the retained Community Bank loan portfolio that became effective on the Closing Date. The retained Community Bank loan portfolio is included in the Corporate Services/Other segment.
In addition to its lending and deposit gathering activities, the Bank issues prepaid cards, offers innovative consumer credit products, sponsors automated teller machines (“ATMs”) in various debit networks, and offers tax refund-transfer services and other payment industry products and services. Through its activities, the Meta Payment Systems (“MPS”) division generates both fee income and low-cost deposits for the Bank.
In April 2017, the Company formed a new entity, Meta Capital, LLC ("Meta Capital"), that is a wholly-owned service corporation subsidiary of MetaBank. Meta Capital was formed for the purpose of making minority equity investments. Meta Capital focuses on investing in companies in the financial services industry.
First Midwest Financial Capital Trust I, also a wholly-owned subsidiary of Meta, was established in July 2001 and Crestmark Capital Trust I, acquired by the Company in August 2018, was established in June 2005 for the purpose of issuing trust preferred securities.
The Consumer segment, which provides payments products and services and lending solutions nationwide, primarily operates out of Sioux Falls, South Dakota, with additional offices in Louisville, Kentucky and Easton, Pennsylvania. Within the Company's Commercial segment, the AFS/IBEX division operates out of its headquarters in Dallas, Texas with other offices throughout the country. The Crestmark division, which was created when the Company completed its acquisition of Crestmark Bancorp, Inc. and its Michigan state-chartered bank subsidiary, Crestmark Bank (the "Crestmark Acquisition"), operates out of its headquarters in Troy, Michigan, with other offices throughout the country.
The principal executive office of the Company is located at 5501 South Broadband Lane, Sioux Falls, South Dakota 57108. Its telephone number at that address is (605) 782-1767.
The Company is subject to comprehensive regulation and supervision. See “Regulation and Supervision” herein.
The diagram below shows the composition of the Company's lending portfolio by loan type. The Company emphasizes credit quality and seeks to avoid undue concentrations of loans and leases to a single industry or based on a single class of collateral. The Company has established lending policies that include a number of underwriting factors that it considers in making a loan, including loan-to-value ratio, cash flow, interest rate and credit history of the borrower.
The Company focuses its lending activities on the origination of commercial finance loans, consumer finance loans and taxpayer advance loans. Effective on the Closing Date of the Community Bank division sale to Central Bank, the Company substantially ceased originating loans within its Community Banking loan portfolio. At September 30, 2020, the Company’s loans and leases receivable, net of allowance for loan and lease losses, totaled $3.27 billion, or 54% of the Company’s total assets, as compared to $3.63 billion, or 59%, at September 30, 2019.
Loan and lease applications are initially considered and approved at various levels of authority, depending on the type and amount of the loan or lease as directed by the Bank's lending policies. The Company has a loan committee structure in place for oversight of its lending activities. Loans and leases in excess of certain amounts require approval by either an Executive Credit Committee or a Board Credit Committee. The Company may discontinue, adjust, or create new lending programs to respond to competitive factors.
At September 30, 2020, the Company’s largest lending relationship to a single borrower or group of related borrowers totaled $80.0 million. The Company had 24 other lending relationships in excess of $14.0 million as of September 30, 2020.
Loan and Lease Portfolio Composition
The following table provides information about the composition of the Company’s loan and lease portfolio in dollar amounts and in percentages as of the dates indicated. In general, for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020, the aggregate principal amounts in all categories of loans and leases discussed below, except agricultural loans, increased over levels from the prior fiscal year.
Loan and lease tables have been conformed to be consistent with the Company's updated categorization of its lending portfolio between National Lending and Community Banking.
| ||At September 30,|
|(Dollars in Thousands)||Amount||Percent||Amount||Percent||Amount||Percent||Amount||Percent||Amount||Percent|
|Real estate loans:|
|Commercial finance||$||52,207 ||1.6 ||%||$||42,266 ||1.2 ||%||$||14,971 ||0.5 ||%||$||— ||— ||%||$||— ||— ||%|
|Total National Lending||52,207 ||1.6 ||%||42,266 ||1.2 ||%||14,971 ||0.5 ||%||— ||— ||%||— ||— ||%|
|Commercial real estate and operating||440,369 ||13.3 ||%||849,171 ||23.3 ||%||748,579 ||25.4 ||%||585,510 ||44.1 ||%||422,932 ||45.7 ||%|
|Consumer one-to-four family real estate and other||15,170 ||0.5 ||%||235,365 ||6.4 ||%||223,482 ||7.7 ||%||196,706 ||14.8 ||%||162,298 ||17.5 ||%|
|Agricultural real estate and operating||9,122 ||0.3 ||%||37,029 ||1.0 ||%||36,780 ||1.2 ||%||61,800 ||4.7 ||%||63,612 ||6.9 ||%|
|Total Community Banking||464,661 ||14.1 ||%||1,121,565 ||30.7 ||%||1,008,841 ||34.3 ||%||844,016 ||63.6 ||%||648,842 ||70.1 ||%|
|Total real estate loans||516,868 ||15.7 ||%||1,163,831 ||31.9 ||%||1,023,812 ||34.8 ||%||844,016 ||63.6 ||%||648,842 ||70.1 ||%|
|Other loans and leases:|
|Commercial finance||2,255,777 ||68.1 ||%||1,873,964 ||51.3 ||%||1,494,878 ||50.8 ||%||255,308 ||19.2 ||%||174,034 ||18.8 ||%|
|Consumer finance||224,151 ||6.8 ||%||268,198 ||7.3 ||%||270,361 ||9.2 ||%||140,229 ||10.6 ||%||14,300 ||1.5 ||%|
|Tax services||3,066 ||0.1 ||%||2,240 ||0.1 ||%||1,073 ||— ||%||192 ||— ||%||190 ||— ||%|
|Warehouse finance||293,375 ||8.8 ||%||262,924 ||7.2 ||%||65,000 ||2.2 ||%||— ||— ||%||— ||— ||%|
|Total National Lending||2,776,369 ||83.8 ||%||2,407,326 ||65.9 ||%||1,831,312 ||62.2 ||%||395,729 ||29.8 ||%||188,524 ||20.4 ||%|
|Commercial real estate and operating||17,002 ||0.4 ||%||34,761 ||0.9 ||%||42,311 ||1.4 ||%||30,718 ||2.3 ||%||28,651 ||3.1 ||%|
|Consumer one-to-four family real estate and other||1,316 ||— ||%||24,060 ||0.7 ||%||23,836 ||0.8 ||%||22,775 ||1.7 ||%||22,794 ||2.5 ||%|
|Agricultural real estate and operating||2,585 ||0.1 ||%||21,435 ||0.6 ||%||23,718 ||0.8 ||%||33,594 ||2.5 ||%||37,083 ||4.0 ||%|
|Total Community Banking||20,903 ||0.5 ||%||80,256 ||2.2 ||%||89,865 ||3.0 ||%||87,087 ||6.6 ||%||88,528 ||9.6 ||%|
|Total other loans and leases||2,797,272 ||84.3 ||%||2,487,582 ||68.1 ||%||1,921,177 ||65.2 ||%||482,816 ||36.4 ||%||277,052 ||29.9 ||%|
|Total loans and leases||$||3,314,140 ||100.0 ||%||$||3,651,413 ||100.0 ||%||$||2,944,989 ||100.0 ||%||$||1,326,832 ||100.0 ||%||$||925,894 ||100.0 ||%|
The following table shows the composition of the Company’s loan and lease portfolio by fixed- and adjustable-rate at the dates indicated.
| ||At September 30,|
|(Dollars in Thousands)||Amount||Percent||Amount||Percent||Amount||Percent||Amount||Percent||Amount||Percent|
|Fixed-rate loans and leases:|
|Commercial finance||$||1,687,130 ||50.9 ||%||$||1,113,071 ||30.5 ||%||$||956,920 ||32.5 ||%||$||250,459 ||18.9 ||%||$||171,604 ||18.5 ||%|
|Consumer finance||108,706 ||3.3 ||%||22,965 ||0.6 ||%||21,093 ||0.7 ||%||16,489 ||1.2 ||%||14,300 ||1.5 ||%|
Tax services (1)
|3,066 ||0.1 ||%||2,240 ||0.1 ||%||1,073 ||— ||%||— ||— ||%||— ||— ||%|
|Warehouse finance||124,012 ||3.7 ||%||— ||— ||%||— ||— ||%||— ||— ||%||— ||— ||%|
|Total National Lending||1,922,914 ||58.0 ||%||1,138,276 ||31.2 ||%||979,086 ||33.2 ||%||266,948 ||20.1 ||%||185,904 ||20.0 ||%|
|Commercial real estate and operating||408,585 ||12.3 ||%||828,603 ||22.7 ||%||749,258 ||25.5 ||%||580,092 ||43.8 ||%||417,281 ||45.1 ||%|
|Consumer one-to-four family real estate and other||15,312 ||0.5 ||%||226,375 ||6.2 ||%||220,163 ||7.5 ||%||193,765 ||14.6 ||%||160,956 ||17.4 ||%|
|Agricultural real estate and operating||9,561 ||0.3 ||%||41,772 ||1.1 ||%||46,940 ||1.6 ||%||80,419 ||6.1 ||%||86,651 ||9.4 ||%|
|Total Community Banking||433,458 ||13.1 ||%||1,096,750 ||30.0 ||%||1,016,361 ||34.6 ||%||854,274 ||64.5 ||%||664,888 ||71.9 ||%|
|Total fixed-rate loans and leases||2,356,372 ||71.1 ||%||2,235,026 ||61.2 ||%||1,995,447 ||67.8 ||%||1,121,222 ||84.5 ||%||850,792 ||91.9 ||%|
|Adjustable-rate loans and leases:|
|Commercial finance||620,854 ||18.7 ||%||803,159 ||22.0 ||%||552,929 ||18.8 ||%||4,849 ||0.4 ||%||2,430 ||0.3 ||%|
|Consumer finance||115,445 ||3.5 ||%||245,233 ||6.7 ||%||249,268 ||8.4 ||%||123,742 ||9.3 ||%||— ||— ||%|
Tax services (1)
|— ||— ||%||— ||— ||%||— ||— ||%||192 ||— ||%||190 ||— ||%|
|Warehouse finance||169,363 ||5.1 ||%||262,924 ||7.2 ||%||65,000 ||2.2 ||%||— ||— ||%||— ||— ||%|
|Total National Lending||905,662 ||27.3 ||%||1,311,316 ||35.9 ||%||867,197 ||29.4 ||%||128,783 ||9.7 ||%||2,620 ||0.3 ||%|
|Commercial real estate and operating||48,786 ||1.5 ||%||55,329 ||1.5 ||%||41,632 ||1.4 ||%||36,136 ||2.8 ||%||34,302 ||3.7 ||%|
|Consumer one-to-four family real estate and other||1,174 ||— ||%||33,050 ||0.9 ||%||27,155 ||0.9 ||%||25,716 ||1.9 ||%||24,136 ||2.6 ||%|
|Agricultural real estate and operating||2,146 ||0.1 ||%||16,692 ||0.5 ||%||13,558 ||0.5 ||%||14,975 ||1.1 ||%||14,044 ||1.5 ||%|
|Total Community Banking||52,106 ||1.6 ||%||105,071 ||2.9 ||%||82,345 ||2.8 ||%||76,827 ||5.8 ||%||72,482 ||7.8 ||%|
|Total adjustable-rate loans and leases||957,768 ||28.9 ||%||1,416,387 ||38.8 ||%||949,542 ||32.2 ||%||205,610 ||15.5 ||%||75,102 ||8.1 ||%|
|Total loans and leases||3,314,140 ||100.0 ||%||3,651,413 ||100.0 ||%||2,944,989 ||100.0 ||%||1,326,832 ||100.0 ||%||925,894 ||100.0 ||%|
|Deferred fees and discounts||8,625 ||7,434 ||(250)||(1,461)||(789)|
|Allowance for loan and lease losses||(56,188)||(29,149)||(13,040)||(7,534)||(5,635)|
|Total loans and leases receivable, net||$||3,266,577 ||$||3,629,698 ||$||2,931,699 ||$||1,317,837 ||$||919,470 |
(1) Certain tax services loans do not bear interest.
The following table illustrates the maturity analysis of the Company’s loan and lease portfolio at September 30, 2020. The table reflects management’s estimate of the effects of loan and lease prepayments or curtailments based on data from the Company’s historical experiences and other third-party sources.
| ||Due in one year or less||Due after one year through five years||Due after five years||Total|
|(Dollars in Thousands)||Amount||Weighted|
|Commercial finance||$||1,568,919 ||7.88 ||%||$||653,712 ||7.02 ||%||$||85,353 ||5.72 ||%||$||2,307,984 |
|Consumer finance||96,829 ||7.46 ||%||109,558 ||6.39 ||%||17,764 ||5.99 ||%||224,151 |
|Tax services||3,066 ||— ||%||— ||— ||%||— ||— ||%||3,066 |
|Warehouse finance||56,621 ||6.01 ||%||236,754 ||5.92 ||%||— ||— ||%||293,375 |
|Total National Lending||1,725,435 ||7.79 ||%||1,000,024 ||6.69 ||%||103,117 ||5.76 ||%||2,828,576 |
|Commercial real estate and operating||50,017 ||4.60 ||%||197,376 ||4.58 ||%||209,978 ||4.49 ||%||457,371 |
|Consumer one-to-four family real estate and other||4,936 ||3.74 ||%||9,568 ||3.78 ||%||1,982 ||3.87 ||%||16,486 |
|Agricultural real estate and operating||2,151 ||4.58 ||%||5,892 ||4.33 ||%||3,664 ||3.32 ||%||11,707 |
|Total Community Banking||57,104 ||4.52 ||%||212,836 ||4.53 ||%||215,624 ||4.46 ||%||485,564 |
|Total loans and leases||$||1,782,539 ||7.68 ||%||$||1,212,860 ||6.31 ||%||$||318,741 ||4.88 ||%||$||3,314,140 |
The Company's commercial finance product lines include term lending, asset based lending, factoring, leasing, insurance premium finance, government guaranteed lending and other commercial finance products offered on a nationwide basis.
Term Lending. Through its Crestmark division, the Bank originates a variety of collateralized conventional term loans and notes receivable. While terms range from three years to 25 years, the weighted average life of these loans is approximately 53 months. These term loans may be secured by equipment, recurring revenue streams, or real estate. Credit risk is managed through setting loan amounts appropriate for the collateral based on information including equipment cost, appraisals, valuations, and lending history. The Bank follows standardized loan policies and established and authorized credit limits and applies attentive portfolio management, which includes monitoring past dues, financial performance, financial covenants, and industry trends. As of September 30, 2020, 26% of the term lending portfolio exposure is concentrated in solar/alternative energy, most of which are construction projects that will convert to longer term government guaranteed facilities upon completion of the construction phase. Equipment Finance Agreements and Installment Purchase Agreements make up $349.9 million, or 43%, of the term lending total as of September 30, 2020. The remaining 31% are a variety of investment advisory loans and other more traditional term equipment and general purpose commercial loans.
Asset Based Lending. Through its Crestmark division, the Bank provides asset based loans secured by short-term assets such as inventory, accounts receivable, and work-in-process. Asset based loans may also be secured by real estate and equipment. The primary sources of repayment are the operating income of the borrower, the collection of the receivables securing the loan, and/or the sale of the inventory securing the loan. Loans are typically revolving lines of credit with terms of one year to three years, whereby the Bank withholds a contingency reserve representing the difference between the amount advanced and the fair value of the invoice amount or other collateral value. Credit risk is managed through advance rates appropriate for the collateral (generally, advance rates on accounts receivable is 85% and inventory advance rates range from 40% to 50%), standardized loan policies, established and authorized credit limits, attentive portfolio management and the use of lock box agreements and similar arrangements which result in the Company receiving and controlling the debtors' cash receipts. As of September 30, 2020, approximately 70% of these loans were backed by accounts receivable.
Factoring. Through its Crestmark division, the Bank provides factoring lending where clients provide detailed inventory, accounts receivable, and work-in-process reports for lending arrangements. The factoring clients are diversified as to industry and geography. With these loans, the Crestmark division withholds a contingency reserve, which is the difference between the fair value of the invoice amount or other collateral value and the amount advanced (generally, advance rates are 85% on accounts receivable). This reserve is withheld for nonpayment of factored receivables, service fees and other adjustments. Credit risk is managed through standardized advance policies, established and authorized credit limits, verification of receivables, attentive portfolio management and the use of lock box agreements and similar arrangements which result in the Company receiving and controlling the client's cash receipts. In addition, clients generally guarantee the payment of purchased accounts receivable. As of September 30, 2020, approximately 95% of these loans were backed by accounts receivable.
Lease Financing. Through its Crestmark division, the Bank provides creative, flexible lease solutions for technology, capital equipment and select transportation assets like tractors and trailers. Direct financing leases and sales-type leases substantially transfer the benefits and risks of equipment ownership to the lessee. The lease may contain provisions that transfer ownership to the lessee at the end of the initial term, contain a bargain purchase option or allow for purchase of the equipment at fair market value. Residual values are estimated at the inception of the lease. Lease maturities are generally no greater than 84 months. The focus in this lease financing category is to support middle market companies by providing a variety of financing products to help them meet their business objectives.
Insurance Premium Finance. Through its AFS/IBEX division the Bank provides, on a national basis, short-term, primarily collateralized financing to facilitate the commercial customers’ purchase of insurance for various forms of risk, otherwise known as insurance premium financing. This includes, but is not limited to, policies for commercial property, casualty and liability risk. Premiums are advanced either directly to the insurance carrier or through an intermediary/broker and repaid by the policyholder with interest during the policy term. The policyholder generally makes a 20% to 25% down payment to the insurance broker and finances the remainder over nine months to 10 months on average. The down payment is set such that if the policy is canceled, the unearned premium is typically sufficient to cover the loan balance and accrued interest and is returned by the insurer to the Bank on a pro rata basis. Over 90% of the portfolio finances policies provided by investment grade-rated insurance company partners.
Small Business Administration ("SBA") and United States Department of Agriculture ("USDA"). The Bank originates loans through programs partially guaranteed by the SBA or USDA. These loans are made to small businesses and professionals with what the Bank believes are lower risk characteristics. Certain guaranteed portions of these loans are generally sold to the secondary market. See "Originations, Sales and Servicing of Loans and Leases" below for further details. As part of the CARES Act, the SBA will pay six months of principal, interest, and any associated fees that borrowers owe for all current 7(a), 504, and Microloans in regular servicing status as well as new 7(a), 504, and Microloans disbursed prior to September 27, 2020. As of September 30, 2020, there were 51 loans with a retained outstanding balance of $29.7 million receiving six months principal and interest from the SBA. The Company is also participating in the PPP, which is being administered by the SBA. The Company expects that some portion of these loans will ultimately be forgiven by the SBA in accordance with the terms of the program. Loans funded through the Paycheck Protection Program (the "PPP") are fully guaranteed by the U.S. government. As of September 30, 2020, the Company authorized 689 applications, totaling $219.0 million in PPP loan requests as part of the program.
Other Commercial Finance. Included in this category of loans are the Company's healthcare receivables loan portfolio primarily comprised of loans to individuals for medical services received. The majority of these loans are guaranteed by the hospital providing the service to the debtor and this guarantee serves to reduce credit risk as the guarantors agree to repurchase severely delinquent loans. Credit risk is minimized on these loans based on the guarantor’s repurchase agreement. This loan category also includes commercial real estate loans to customers of the Crestmark division.